The method used by the authors is the one by Defay and Prigogine of studying systems in a state of partial equilibrium.
The second part of the volume applies the general formulas established in Chapters into some meteorological problems such as studies of a droplet or ice crystal suspended in the atmosphere. The text can be used by both graduate and undergraduate students with interest in thermodynamics and climate studies. Professionals such as meteorologists can also use this book as reference in solving some meteorological problems.
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If you decide to participate, a new browser tab will open so you can complete the survey after you have completed your visit to this website. Thanks in advance for your time. Skip to content. Search for books, journals or webpages All Pages Books Journals. Authors: Louis Doufour. Imprint: Academic Press. Published Date: 1st January Page Count: Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices.
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Ideas of Capillarity 1. Introduction 2. Surface Tension 3. Mechanical Equilibrium Conditions for a Surface 4. Equilibrium of an Edge 5. Mechanical Work Done by a Capillary System 7.
The Real System and the Simplified Model 2. Laws of Thermodynamics 1. Choice of Variables 2. Cloud microphysics has long intrigued me. This book seems to have many off the answers. At the time we all had plenty of equations to solve, Analytical solutions were great if you could find them. Another approach was to build your own computer which we did in Australia, with British help. It is amazing that despite the secrecy and our better computers, we came up with about the same results. However I am not suggesting we dispense with secrecy in national defence, because wars are won by surprise.
Thank you Blog fantastic Good luck ………………. Average cloud altitude, modulated by the weak signal from sunspots and combined with an approximation of net ocean cycles, accurately explain more than years of observed climate change on earth. We in Oz have many common trees in the eucalyptus genus which seem to breathe out eucalyptus oil aerosol. It is now acknowledged that these aerosols may be important in rainfall, particularly in the dryer eastern wheat-belt region of WA, where widespread land clearing was followed by reduced rainfall.
John Gladstones, gives an excellent parry to the thrust of the AGW warriors and identifies the loss of vegetation as a significant event.
AT - Thermodynamics and Cloud Physics
Sea of clouds:. Rigorous theoretical development from first principles is always welcome, especially when closed-form solutions to problems provide analytic insights usually unavailable from numerical techniques. Rigorous empirical validation of theory, nevertheless, is still required! In particular, any solid improvement in understanding the formation, spectral emissivity, and dissipation of clouds of various thicknesses and altitudes would be very helpful. The correspondence principle states that a new theory or parameterization should not reject the previous correct theory or parameterization but rather generalize them.
Desirable but not sufficient. This may be about as useful as the precautionary principle.
Better to say that the new theory should explain all the known facts as well or better than the old theory. Even so it is usually a hard sell. Section 8. If so that is a little thin. Hope it was done as a correspondence moment.
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The same incorrect formulation is also in the section on freezing. And still no citations. They simply compounded the problem. Repeating the same mistake elsewhere does not make it right. It hardly seems dissent even — merely not singing from the same hymnal. Any objection — no mater how absurd — will be harped on endlessly in the collective blogospheric venues to create an air of fulminating vitriol. Ideal gas means in this case also that the particles must be essentially non-interacting.
The most likely reason is that the issue is really moot for real atoms and molecules with the exception of helium at very low temperatures. In the case of the B-E ideal gas the energy in the exponential is relative to the chemical potential fixed by the average number of particles in the grand canonical ensemble. The derivation is done for discrete states of particles in a finite volume. Generalizing such results to non-idealized real world situations requires good understanding on the relationship between the ideal case and the non-ideal case.
The formulas of the book apply the idealized B-E formula to a very different case. Moving the zero point of the energy scale in the exponential to the right place is very likely to make the exponential huge in comparison with the 1 of the denominator. Seems like a typical example of arrogant ignorance. Perhaps, if any real physicists i. Certainly particles, like photons, can exhibit interference effects over distances of even meters, under the right conditions.
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And the authors apply it to both the nucleating ensemble the germ and to the flux, which requires double the rationale. It looks as if they are deriving this degenerate case formulation because they can, not because there is any experimental evidence for it, or previous research to suggest that it should apply. They do not even include a chemical potential in their B-E expression, leaving it in the photon statistics mode, where the density is unbounded.
Thermodynamic Aspects of Precipitation Efficiency
What is N anyways? Water vapor has strong intermolecular forces and so is not the best most ideal ideal gas, and ideal gases are the ones most amenable to analysis by statistical mechanics. So they are trying to apply it in this very narrow window of assumed validity.