Public Technology Procurement and Innovation studies public technology procurement as an instrument of innovation policy. In the past few years, public technology procurement has been a relatively neglected topic in the theoretical and research literature on the economics of innovation. Similarly, preoccupation with supply-side' measures has led policy-makers to avoid maki Public Technology Procurement and Innovation studies public technology procurement as an instrument of innovation policy. Similarly, preoccupation with supply-side' measures has led policy-makers to avoid making very extensive use of this important demand-side' instrument.
These trends have been especially pronounced in the European Union.
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There, as this book will argue, existing legislation governing public procurement presents obstacles to the use of public technology procurement as a means of stimulating and supporting technological innovation. Recently, however, there has been a gradual re-awakening of practical interest in such measures among policy-makers in the EU and elsewhere.
For these and other related measures, this volume aims to contribute to a serious reconsideration of public technology procurement from the complementary standpoints of innovation theory and innovation policy.
Technology and Innovation Policy
Get A Copy. Hardcover , pages. Published November 30th by Springer first published October 1st More Details Original Title. Friend Reviews. Based on a review of the literature on innovation policy, the present paper develops a failure-based framework that allows the resolution by PPI of three types of failures: demand-side, supply-side and user-supplier interaction traps.
We propose a four-category typology of PPI based on the type of demand-side failures addressed, and whether or not it also targets supply-side failures. Each category is refined based on the degree of user-supplier interactions required. This typology based on the economic foundation of PPI allows the linking of failure, innovation and public procurement characteristics alongside the types of instruments derived from the academic literature on PPI.
One of the strengths of this PPI typology is that it links to the various classifications proposed in the PPI literature and contributes to the smart design of PPI policy. It also considers PPI as a hybrid innovation instrument, that is, a demand-side policy tool, which, if appropriately designed, can be applied to resolve supply-side failures. Chicot, J.
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Handle: RePEc:gbl:wpaper as. Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Louis Fed. Help us Corrections Found an error or omission? All of this helps guarantee free trade, and is an important element in building up a competitive technology base in Germany.
Projects & Operations
The Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing BAM provides for safety and reliability in the area of chemical, environmental and materials engineering. For example, the Institute tests the containers used for the transport of dangerous goods and draws up the safety standards required for these. It is also responsible for developing and providing reference procedures and materials, particularly in the areas of analytical chemistry and testing technology. The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources BGR provides advice to the Federal Government and to the private sector on all matters related to raw materials and geosciences.
The German Mineral Resources Agency DERA , which is an agency of the BGR, is responsible for monitoring raw materials and for providing businesses and policymakers with information, for example about which renewable technologies may be relevant in the future. Our legal framework therefore needs to be designed in a way that takes account of the emergence of new innovations and stays abreast of new technological developments such as smart meters , whilst at the same time being nimble enough to allow for the development of more efficient procedures.
It is in this context that the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy has initiated a reform of the legislation on measurement and calibration. Conformity assessment and accreditation are important building blocks of our quality assurance infrastructure. A conformity assessment is conducted in order to test whether or confirm that a product or service conforms with the requirements laid down in the relevant European or national provisions. All across Europe, conformity assessments are usually conducted by private-sector organisations.
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This is why European and national lawmakers require that a quasi government body confirms that these organisations are capable of carrying out these assessments. In Germany, this confirmation is issued by the DAkkS in the form of an accreditation. The Economic Affairs Ministry has launched the Global Quality Infrastructure Project to promote internationally harmonised quality assurance infrastructure systems. In this way, the project is to help reduce technical barriers to trade and to improve the safety of traded products. External sites -. As a major purchaser of new products and services, the public sector has considerable influence over the development of new innovations.
A large part of these are innovative and sustainable products, services and systems. This helps give a strong boost to the development of innovations. The Centre of Excellence for innovative procurement KOINNO , which receives funding from the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, advises public procurement officers on how to streamline public procurement processes and buy more innovative products. The Centre also supports procurement bodies as they commission research into products and services that are to be bought by public contracting authorities.
Funding for this is available from the European Commission, and German public-sector institutions are called upon to apply.
About This Item
The Centre of Excellence awards a number of prizes to honour the procurement of innovative products and innovative public procurement processes. All public sector procurement bodies in Germany can compete. This presentation of best-practice examples in procurement helps other public procurement bodies to improve their processes. Altmaier welcomes representatives of more than 20 countries to a transatlantic innovation forum.
Four figures on innovation activities in Germany Germany — a hub for technology High-tech made in Germany.
An excellent research infrastructure German companies can draw on the expertise of numerous internationally renowned research institutes such as the Max Planck Society, the Fraunhofer Society, the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, the Leibniz Association, and the research facilities governed by German ministries and universities. Promoting innovation and providing advice Promoting research and innovation in SMEs.
Advising companies on innovation The German government provides SMEs with advice on innovation, helping them to build up expertise in developing new innovations. For more information, please visit www. German Agency for Materials Efficiency demea SMEs wishing to identify inefficient elements in their manufacturing process and to take steps towards a more effective use of materials can turn to a consultancy firm certified by demea.
get link The objective here is to lower costs and optimise processes by adopting a smarter approach when it comes to using materials. For further information, please click here in German. If you want to keep updated about the latest news, please sign up for the newsletter in German published by the national contact point for SMEs or visit the www. In addition to this, the information service provides special assistance for SMEs free of charge.
Federal Cabinet decides to set up agency to promote breakthrough innovations At the end of August , the Federal Cabinet decided to set up an agency to promote breakthrough innovations.
Fostering networks and clusters Many companies and research institutions work together in regionally or industry-specific clusters and networks in order to create the best possible value chains and improve their competitiveness and innovation capabilities.