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Textbook of Psychoanalysis Home Textbook of Psychoanalysis. Read more. Four Lessons of Psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis of Fire. The Future of Psychoanalysis. The Genealogy of Psychoanalysis. International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. The Psychoanalysis of Symptoms.
International Textbook of Obesity. Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology. Textbook of International Health. One starts by loving nature without knowing it, by seeing it well, while actualizing in things a love which is grounded elsewhere. The desire which precedes perception is here a commitment to understanding. Valorization thus asserts the creativity of the individual as over against objective evaluation.
Psychic Determinants of Imagination.
Imaginative freedom from perception, however, is not entirely autonomous, but relatively determined by the structure of the human psyche. The dream has a taproot which descends into the great and simple subconscious of primitive infantile life. Dream also possesses an entire network of lateral roots which live in a more superficial layer. The conscious and the unconscious intermingle in this region, the region we have principally studied in our works on imagination.sextoushop.com.br/watam-frigidaire-deshumidificador.php
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However, the deep zone is always active. The first centers of interest are constituted by an organic interest Eau , pp. In this intermediary zone, imagination confronts consciousness. Fundamentally, from this deterministic perspective, the primary organic needs of infancy could encourage the adhesion of affectivity to certain life experiences .
Imagination, however, is more than emotional perception directed by subconscious needs and complexes. It is root and branch.
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It lives between earth and sky. Imagination lives in the earth and in the wind. Ultimately the psychological determinants of imagination are transcended by its total function as origin of reality. From this developmental standpoint, the median zone of the psyche is the one most susceptible to the accidents of experience. Psychology as a reductionism would thus seek the trauma which the image clusters would suggest.
Imagination engraves them in our memory.
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Emotional value is thus the prime component of imaginative perception which itself underlies the synthesizing function of imagination . The deepest psychic structures of imagination are the archetypes. Bachelard is using these technical terms from physiology and psychology to show the relative determinism which life exercises on free imagination .
While studying prime images, one can develop for each of them almost all the problems of a metaphysics of the imagination. In this respect, the image of the root is particularly apt. It corresponds in the Jungian sense to an archetype buried in the unconscious of all races and it also has, in the clearest part of the mind up to the level of abstract thought, a power of multiple metaphors, always simple, always understood.
The most realistic image and the freest metaphors thus cross all regions of the psychic life Repos , p. The tree metaphor again expresses the influence of the imaginative — here of archetypal structures — on all levels of consciousness. The basic notion revealed by the archetypal structure of the collective unconscious, it must be emphasized, is not one of formal determinism but of process, the fundamentally dynamic characteristic of imagination, e. Archetypes may precede perception and expression. However, they are simply activated, not created, by the will to express. Becoming as force precedes being as image.
The psychic structures in which imaginative creativity is embodied all express the same force. Imagination as Will.
A special form of desire motivates, and indeed activates, our imaginative powers. He who knows how to wish can imagine. He relates this force to a specifically spiritual power. A philosophy of human transcendence overrules the reductionism of utilitarian psychology which seeks reality as it is.
Psychoanalysis Of Fire by Bachelard, Gaston
Imagination does not need to adjust to reality, but surpasses it; imagination changes reality, produces, creates a higher reality, itself perceived as reality. Here Bachelard underlines the ontological intrinsicality of poetic expression. Considering the created image as mere phenomenon, Bachelard affirms the essential purity of imagination as free force . Desire is inseparable from the surging poetic image: will is fused with imagination in an absolute affirmation of the human spirit.
Projection and Esthetic Will. Bachelard explores more fully the relation of imagination to the objective world in the psychological process of projection. A specific case of projection, valorization of objective or empirical reality is a perceptual manifestation of imagination as will.
Beauty is born in this imaginative transcendence of the objective, the neutral. In its most general sense, imagination as projection is a humanization of objective reality . The element of intimate adherence to and love of an object introduces the most essentially human mode of imaginative projection: its expression as esthetic will. This will to beautify an object of perception reflects the general tendency of imagination to surpass given reality by valorizing, by poetizing it:.
In order to hear the beings of infinite space, one must silence all earthly sounds. Then, one understands that, in us, contemplation is an essentially creative power. One feels the birth of a will to contemplate which soon becomes a will to aid the movement of that which is contemplated.
Poetry is truly the pancalist activity of the Will . It expresses the will to beauty. All deep contemplation is necessarily, naturally, a hymn. This hymn functions to surpass the real, to project a sonorous world beyond the mute world. The Schopenhauerian theory of poetry depends too much on a theory of poetry which [simply] evokes natural beauties. In point of fact, the poem is not a translation of an immobile and mute beauty, it is a specific action Air , p.
Esthetic will manifests in this way the essential function of imagination as movement and creativity. The beauty which esthetic will actualizes in the world goes beyond a description, evocation or translation of one reality into language as reproductive imagination. Esthetic contemplation is essentially creative, vitalizing the beauty of the mute world .
Imaginative Reciprocity. Bachelard, however, goes beyond simple projection to endow nature itself with will:. The magnetism of contemplation is a category of will. Contemplating is not opposed to will, it follows another branch of will, it is a participation in the will to beauty which is an element of the general will. A doctrine of active imagination joins the phenomenon of beauty to the will of vision.
Nature forces us to contemplation. An endless exchange is produced between the vision and the visible. Everything that makes us look looks Eau , p.
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Bachelard describes this exchange of perception using the Scholastic or Spinozistic distinction between natura naturata , representing an inert, created reality, and the dynamically creative natura naturans which embodies an immanent force:. Contemplation as well induces a will. Man wants to see. Seeing is a direct need. Curiosity makes the human mind dynamic. But in nature itself, it seems that forces of vision are active. Intercourse between contemplated nature and contemplative nature are close and reciprocal.
Imaginative nature actualizes the unity of natura naturans and natura naturata. When a poet lives his dream and poetic creations, he actualizes this natural unity.